AEL (African Explosives Ltd.) Intelligent Blasting 720 Mtpd nitric acid plant saves R3,6-million per annum on operating costs, thanks to an upgrade from direct-on-line operation to Danfoss’ VLT drive control of electric pumps and motors.
The AEL Intelligent Blasting 720 Mtpd nitric acid plant in Johannesburg supplies other AEL divisions serving mining operations with chemicals and explosives, nationally and internationally. The nitric acid plant has improved its reliability by upgrading the process water cooling system, and reduced energy consumption by 500 kWh hourly, in the process.
For many years, motors and pumps in the process cooling water (PCW) system operated direct-on-line. With the upgrade, AEL Intelligent Blasting aimed to improve efficiency and reliability by introducing AC drive motor control. They chose VLT AQUA Drive FC 202 and VLT HVAC Drive FC 102 drives from Danfoss, based on their ability to ensure stable operation despite unreliable mains power supply.
These drives offer automatic energy optimisation and kinetic back-up features to support highly efficient and reliable plant operation. During the upgrade, there was no disruption of operations as preinstallation of all equipment was performed with wires run to and from the MCC. The final connections were made during a planned shutdown for a catalyst change out.
“The drives were selected based on the kinetic back-up feature, which is valuable to us because of our unstable electricity supply and a lot of small voltage dips causing our facilities to trip out. With this feature we can keep the plant online without any issues, therefore saving millions,” says Johan Engelbrecht, an electrical engineer employed by AEL.
Since the upgrade, AEL Mining Services has been able to reduce its electricity consumption from the two fans by 200 kWh combined and by another 300 kWh on the motors. The total savings on operating costs amounts to R3,6-million. The remarkable payback time of only 18 months reflects the vast improvement in process cooling water efficiency enjoyed by AEL Intelligent Blasting.
Eben Jacobs, a process and control engineer at AEL says that because they linked everything to their distributed control system (DCS) they are able to use the drives to run the pumps and fans on the cooling system with no drop in efficiency or any negative impact on plant production or quality, while still maintaining an energy saving of around 360 kWh. The resultant payback period was about 18 months, Jacobs says.
Contact Lynne McCarthy, Danfoss, Tel 011 785-7628, email@example.com