Hosted by the University of Rwanda at its Kigali campus, the Africa Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Cooling and Cold Chain (ACES) is set to scale-up its work and develop a pan-continental network of outreach centres – thanks to a further $3,3 million (about R50-million) funding boost from the UK Government’s Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra).
Dr Jeanne d’ Arc Mujawamariya, Minister of Environment, Government of Rwanda, said, “The immense benefit of this financial boost for further development of ACES cannot be stressed enough. But, more importantly, the confidence and firm footing for the Centre’s ability to deliver sustainable solutions to the challenge of inadequate cooling across Africa is immeasurable.”
This will enhance ACES’ research and development capacity through a network of Specialized Outreach and Knowledge Establishments (SPOKEs) that deploy technologies and innovative business models in rural communities.
Rwanda is one of the least urbanised countries in Africa with 73% of the workforce employed in agriculture. In sub-Saharan Africa, 54% of workers rely on the agricultural sector. A further challenge is that agriculture in Rwanda is dominated by six million small and marginal farmers, each - on average - farming less than 0,6 ha of land.
The project supports Rwanda’s National Agricultural Export Development Board’s (NAEB) five-year strategy to double agricultural exports by 2024-25 and significantly increase exports of aqua-culture, beef, and other temperature sensitive products.
The first SPOKE will be built in Kenya, with another to follow in Rwanda – helping to kick-start the spread of energy-efficient, sustainable refrigeration for food and vaccine supply chains.
ACES is a collaboration between the Rwandan Government, the University of Birmingham and UN Environment Programme’s United for Efficiency (UNEP U4E) which unites international and localized energy, technology, finance, capacity building and policy expertise.
It offers an opportunity for commercial partners to develop and demonstrate the pathways and skills to deliver affordable, lowest carbon emissions cooling and cold-chain systems while meeting Africa’s social and economic cooling needs. It will provide research, teaching and industrial collaboration to put into action integrated sustainable cooling solutions.
Project co-designer and research lead Toby Peters, Professor of Cold Economy at the University of Birmingham, said: “We can now expand ACES’ capacity across the cold-chain and refrigeration, incorporating vaccine and health distribution alongside food logistics.
“Building on developed-world sustainable technology and localising this to developing world environments with the skills and business models needed will help ensure the transition to sustainable cooling meets the needs of African supply chains and operating environments.”
The funding will help ACES to build on its current achievements by:
- Expanding its capacity across cold-chain and refrigeration
- Delivering scalability across Africa through SPOKEs
- Creating international scalability by replication of the ACES model in other fast-developing markets, such as India
- Influencing policy and markets through further engagement with policy makers and industry.
Developing the first SPOKE supports the Kenyan government’s Vision 2030, which prioritises Agriculture, Health, Manufacturing and Affordable Housing. The SPOKE will address:
- Agriculture: Contributes 26% of Kenya’s economy and 62% of employment. Some 30% of food is lost between farm and market due to lack of robust cold-chains.
- Health: Kenya’s vaccine supply cold-chain is fragmented. Covid-19 distribution logistics put even more pressure on the system.
- Manufacturing: This is driven by agriculture, which provides up to 60% if the inputs for agri-processing industries. Cold storage is a weak point in the agri-value chains.
The team also plans to replicate the ACES model in India, where cold-chain emissions could double by 2027 without active intervention.
The Government of India has set a target to ‘double farmers income’ by 2022. At the core of this policy is effective and efficient market connectivity. India has committed to deliver 40% of its total electricity generation from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030 as a Paris Agreement NDC target, as well as lower the emissions intensity of the nation’s GDP by 33 – 35%. The Centre of Excellence will help achieve such commitments.
Contact Tony Moran, University of Birmingham, firstname.lastname@example.org